How to read a knit chart pattern: symbols and explanations- part 1

I’ve learned to knit when I was a child from my grandma, I learned how to cast on, knit stitch, purl stitch and how to cast off. Since then I’ve learned by my self, I read and I watched many chart patterns and pictures until I’ve succeded to understand what every symbols means.

The most I like to knit from a chart and over time I was able to read the majority of the chart patterns. So I decided to share with you how to read all the symbols and how to knit it. You will see it’s very simple and once you understand, the charts pattern will be very simple to read it.

So today we’ll start with the base stitch. If you know the symbol for the knit and purl stitches you will be able to make many projects.

The knit stitch: you will find it in a chart represented by a vertical line or by a white box as you can see in the picture below.

Hold the needle filled with the cast on stitches in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand. With the working yarn to the back *slide the right hand needle into the front of the first stitch on the left needle from left to right. Loop the working yarn under the right needle counterclockwise. Pull the wrapped yarn through the loop on the left needle sliding the old loop off the left needle and onto the right needle. Repeat from asterisk “*” for each loop on the left needle.

When you have knitted all the stitches off the left needle move the stitchfilled needle to your left hand and the empty needle to your right hand, re-adjusting the yarn, and you are ready for the next row of knitting.

If it’s easy for you to learn from a video, I’ve made a youtube tutorial, that you can see below, to show you how it’s done, just hit “play”.

 

Purl stitch: you will find it in a chart represented by a horizontal line as you can see in the picture below.

With the working yarn to the front, insert the right needle into the front of the first stitch on the left needle from right to left. Loop the yarn under and around the right needle counterclock wise. Pull the new loop through the loop on the left needle sliding the old loop off the needle. Repeat from the begining.

When you have purled all the stitches off the left needle move the stitchfilled needle to your left hand and the empty needle to your right hand, readjusting the yarn and you are ready for the next row of knitting.

If it’s easy for you to learn from a video, I’ve made a youtube tutorial, that you can see below, to show you how it’s done, just hit “play”.

 

This are the basic stitch in knitting, from this, all other stitches are created. This steps are the first concepts that you need to understand and practice so that you can progress to the many other possibilities knitting has to offer.

So next time when you will find this kind of chart you will know what it means:

 

Row 1: knit (k) al stitches;

Row 2: purl (p) all stitches;

Row 3: knit all stitches;

Roe 4: purl all stitches.

 

Row 1, 3, 7 (knitt all the odd rows- the right side): knit all stitches;

Row 2, 4, 6 (purl all the even rows- the wrong side): purl all stitches.

You will see that in many charts the wrong side doesnt appear, that means that you will purl all the stitches on the wrong side.

 

 

Row 1: knit (k) al stitches;

Row 2: purl (p) all stitches;

Row 3: knit all stitches;

Row 4: purl all stitches.

Alternate a knit row with a purl row you have the stockinette stitch (st st).

I hope this article is useful for you and for now on you will be able to read and knit from a chart pattern.

In the next article we will learn to read some patterns with different knit and purl combinations. You will see that if you know just 2 stitches you will be able to make so many beautiful things.

Follow this link and you will see what a beautiful scarf I’ve made just with this two stitches:

https://turcoazcuvanilie.ro/2018/07/09/how-to-knit-a-unisex-scarf-free-pattern/

 

 

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